:: dyslexia basics ::
What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a learning disorder that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words (aka decoding). Also called “reading disability,” dyslexia affects areas of the brain that process language.
People with dyslexia have normal to above average intelligence. Most children with dyslexia can succeed in school with tutoring or a specialized education program.
Dyslexia is NOT...
a problem of intelligence.
a problem of vision.
a problem of laziness.
a neurobiological issue that results in unexpected difficulty learning to read.
a lifelong condition. You don’t outgrow or cure it, but with proven, evidence-based reading instruction you can improve your ability to read.
the most common learning disability.
:: fast facts ::
Dyslexia by the Numbers
of people with poor reading skills are likely dyslexic.1
1 in 5
students has a language based learning disability.1
American adults are dyslexic—and only 2 million know it.2
adults in the U.S. can’t read. 3
of U.S. adults read below a 5th grade level.3
of all 4th grade students are “below basic” reading skills.4
Sources: 1 Yale Center for Dyslexia and Creativity; 2 Mayo Clinic;
3 U.S. Department of Education and the National Institute of Literacy, April 2013
4 National Assessment of Educational Progress
Dyslexia is a neurological issue, not a character flaw.
:: James Redford, Filmmaker ::
Most Common Related Learning Disabilities
An issue that involves difficulty with the physical act of writing. People may also find it hard to organize and express their thoughts and ideas in written form.
ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) has three main symptoms: Inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Most people with ADHD struggle in all three areas. But some mainly have trouble with attention, or focus.